Monday, May 24, 2010

Dreams and paths

"Two roads diverged in a wood, I took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference." Decisions, decisions, a decision to take the better road is mine. Every now and then i encounter with conflicting thoughts about choices i made in the past, whether they led me to the right path or not; choices i will make in the future, whether i will regret them or not. But however i choose, i can still stand proud because the decisions will be mine and i would have traveled the path on my own, charting and planning each of my own steps.
Now that i am done with the road of college, what's next? I've been getting advice from friends and family about coming back home, settling down and perhaps becoming part of Mongolia's glorious regeneration.However,i find beauty in waking up in the morning without having any idea of where in the world i'll be in the next couple of months, having no clue of what kind of wonderful people i will meet, feeling the excitement of having unpredictable life.There is so much beauty in running wild freely...

In other words, i am too fly to settle down and too afraid to be caught in mundane routine of everyday life.I wish i had the guts to drop out of college and travel through South America and care for the poor like Che did. Like he said:" Let the world change you and you can change the world." Maybe that is why i refuse to settle down for now. I want the world to change me with all the obstacles and challenges of life and open my eyes for greater things. However,as much as i want to travel freely, give willingly and not be bound by this greedy material world there are always stings to pull back. First, I don't have the disposable wealth to chase all my dreams, and i have responsibilities to give back as a daughter and as a sister. I have to earn for living! ...I guess that's how dreams are killed by life.
But i still dream that my hopes will not be torn apart and my dreams will not be turned to shame.

The Road Not Taken
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;

Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,

And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back.

I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I-
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.

-Robert Frost

Monday, April 12, 2010

One morning in San Francisco.

Woke up around 10Am and went out to eat by myself. Had a nice brunch at nearby Crepe Place and had some Italian steamer while reading. I like that place because it's really cozy and always plays Sinatra in the background. While i was walking back i discovered a very old, tiny bookstore on Sutter street. Even though the books were not of my interest, the place was pretty magical- filled with rich smell of old books with yellow pages, dusty furnitures and ladders that go up to the shelves. After browsing for a while, i found out that it was the same bookstore that Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo was filmed, only the name has been changed from Argonaut Bookstore to Argossy. Unfortunately, i didn't have my camera with me, will definitely stop by there later to take a picture.
San Francisco has so much to offer, the city itself has so much culture to it-the food, the people, and the music! Ah, I left my heart in San Francisco.

Saturday, January 16, 2010

Where is home?

The farther you go from home, the more you become patriotic and more you become aware of who you are and where you come from. I remember in 5th grade our private school principal Ms. Oyuntsetseg, D. told our classmates about the meaning of motherland, and how she wished to educate us to become individuals who not only possess excellent knowledge and foreign language skills but intellectuals who have deep sense of patriotism and love for the motherland. She was one of the true intellectuals in Mongolia whom I was bit intimidated, greatly astounded and respected dearly since I was a little girl. After one fight that occurred among our classmates, she reminded us all that in this world we are all divided into different circles that creates our identity and builds this "we as one" sense.

First, as one classmates we are one circle that should be supportive of each other, outside of that circle it is our hometown the place we grew up that distinguishes us, beyond that circle it is our country that identifies us as Mongolians that we should always be loyal to and after all, the biggest circle is the mother earth that we all as human beings belong to. She also held a PhD in Music Theory and it never goes out of my mind how she said that there will be a time that we as kids will appreciate Mongolian Folk Music once we move abroad and experience the diasporic existence of being away from our roots.

5 years being away from home, I still am very proud of my nationality and I still embrace my ethnicity wherever I go. However, I come to realize that the ‘American education’I acquired and the diverse group of friends I made acquaintance with throughout the past years have eventually made me lose my childish jingoism and somehow diluted my sense of deep “nationalism”. I find myself the more I travel, the more I get immersed into different cultures. I could identify myself with all the previous cities I lived and as time went by I found myself developing a new sense of appreciation to different cultures and I even began to develop sense of patriotism to that new culture that I was living in. I see the US as my adopted homeland, and I see Hawai`i as my second home. There is no country like US that welcomes people from all different corners of the world with both arms open, and there is no place like Hawai`i that feels more homey. I was never treated as a foreigner in Hawai`i, and the fact that we all share the Aloha Spirit in Hawai`i no matter where we came from identifies us as the people from a “happier state.” Polynesian people’s warm hospitality, their great respect for their kupunas (elders) and their sense of appreciation to their nature and to their beach is astonishing.

It makes me wonder what exactly motherland is and how much we owe to that? If we see motherland in the modern context of sovereign states, all nations were born in 1648 with the signing of Treaty of Westphalia. After all, the idea of nationalism indeed is a very superficial concept that is created to make people be loyal to the authority. Professor Howard Zinn also quoted that: “ Nationalism is a set of beliefs taught to each generation in which the Motherland or the Fatherland is an object of veneration and becomes a burning cause for which one becomes willing to kill the children of other Motherland and Fatherland.” I agree with him to some extent that the idea of nationalism is used as a tool to spur hatred, racism and chauvinism to some. During the Cultural Revolution of Mongolia, my grandparents were falsely convicted of treason and have been imprisoned for many years and shot. Despite the ridicule of being a political rebels’ kids my grandparents remains loyal to the party until today. Some people are taught to love the motherland more than their brothers and sisters and even their parents. And in some cases the motherland gives nothing to those people who stayed loyal; nothing but hunger, shame, calumny, denunciation and humility! So, by being patriotic is it the government that we are showing loyalty to, is it love for the one's soil that we grew up on, or is it the mighty history of Mongolia that keeps us as one?

Aristotle said: “I am not an Athenian or Greek, but a citizen of the world.” Maybe I too, do not want to identify myself to any geographical references and I too prefer to be a wandering global citizen. I am sure things would be so much less complicated if there were no borders to divide us. Perhaps that is what John Lennon had in mind when he was “Imagining” about no countries to die or kill for, and when Thomas Paine declared the world as his country, all mankind as his brethren and doing good as his religion. Being the free spirit me, I am drawn by my endless desire to discover new places, meet with new people and to get to know this world. Maybe when I become old and feeble, Mongolia will be the only country that will be my shelter and my fellow Mongolians will be the only people that would still take me with both arms open. In the meantime, I hope I will be able to find the true meaning of motherland and see if it is really “sweet and loving to die for the motherland” as Wilfred Owen wrote.

Now, after going over what i wrote above it reads like a ludicrous jumbled thoughts wandering everywhere from my 5th grade memoir to my grandparents' story during socialism. However, i have to admit that all these thoughts of nationalism and motherland spurred from my simple nostalgia of missing my life in Hawai`i. The fact that i miss Hawai`i instead of the town that i grew up as a child really made me ponder upon where is my place called home? where is my circle? and where did my sense of nationalism fall into? I still do not know, or maybe i am just hiding it from myself...

I miss Hawai`i dearly and i wish someday i will be walking along the Hukilau beach and see the sunrise over Laie again...

Monday, August 31, 2009

"There is pleasure in the pathless woods,
There is rapture on the lonely shore,
There is society where none intrudes,
By the deep sea and the music in its roar;
I love not man the less, but Nature more." –Lord Byron

Ahh, society!!! Wish i had the strength to completely escape from this sick society full of hypocrites,lunatics, and liars...and be just content with my own solitude.But this world is too small to escape from anything.No matter how far i go, everything seems just a click away...
I wonder, exactly how much of our happiness comes from human relationships??

Wednesday, August 26, 2009

Glory, Glory Mongolia!!!

Mongol maani uneheer hugjij bainaa… Gaihaltai!!! Zun ochihod l Adidas, Esprit, Swarovski delguuruud neegdchihsen, Hilton, Shangri La buudluud udahgui neeltee hiine getsgeegeed l. Deerees ni Ulaanbaatariin gudamjaar yu l baina duuren tom tom mashinuud suljildetsgeegeed, yamar saindaa mani met shig yavgan humuust bagtaj shingej alhah gazar oldohgui baihavdee. Ziak tegeed shuniin Ulaanbaatar bol buur ch sak!!! Yun ter delhii niitiin ediin zasgiin hyamral, Ulaanbaatart bol oroi bolgon pub, club-uud pig duuren, bur achaallaa diilehgui baigaa yanztai. Baahan l Dolce, Prada umsuj Chanel barisan ohiduud. Goy, goy!!

Gevch uneheer Mongol maani hugjuud baina uu gehleer bas uguimaa. Quiza-giin “Oluulaa” duun deer gardag shig uneheer l zarim humuusiin amidral tsaanaa l neg zoviurtai, amidral ni ulam buur doroitson tednii huvid Ulaanbaatar hot yag l heveeree saaraltan tsenhertseer… Bayachuud ni ulam bayajij, yaduus ni ulam l yaduuraad baigaa ene niigmiig yaltai ch bilee dee. Sayhan online deer “From Chinggis to Louis- Is the new Louis Vuitton Shop in Ulaanbaatar the start of a new area in Mongolian Globalization?” gesen niitlel unshsan yum baina. Yahav gadniihnaas yugaaraa duthav, tedend bas Chinggis haaniihaa hushuunuus uur neg haruulah yumtai bolson bolj l baina.Gehdee Mongoliin hugjliig heden delguur, zochid buudlaar hemjine gevel denduu uruusgul oilgolt bolno. Unendee neg hund noogdoh dotoodiin niit buteegdehuun ni ( GDP per capita) 3200 dollar chuutai aitai hurdeg Mongol shig oron Mercedes mashin, Louis Vuitton tsunheer hahaj tsatsaad baigaa ni hugjij bui ediin zasgiin shinj yaltai ch bish, harin ch bur yalzarsan ediin zasgiin todoos tod ilerhiilel. Ene ni gehdee gants Mongold ch bolood baigaa uzegdel bish yumaa, huuchin sots ornuud bolon gadniihnii colony baisan ornuud ihevchlen economic stratification gej nerleed baigaa umchiin het haritsangui huvaarilaltand orson baidag. Afrikiin ornuud l gehed bugd ugeegui hooson, ulsgulun tarchlangaar duuren gesen oilgoltiig “media” delhiid taraadag. Gevch ted baylaggui yaduudaa ulsuugui odoo Mongold bolood baigaa umchiin shudarga bus huvaarilalt l uusseniihee ur dund hun amiinhaa 80-aas deesh huviiig ni ulsguchihuud, uldsen 10 hedhen oligarchuud ni hamag bayalgiig ni huvaaj iden importiin Louis Vuitton, Mercedes bolgochihood baigaa yum chen yaj ch uls ni hugjihuvdee.

Mongold l gehed taamag toogoor ulsiin niit bayalgiig ezemshdeg 200-gaad l urh baidag gedeg yum bainalee. Hedhen tom corporate business-uud uneheer gazar avchihsan, business erhlegchid uls turchidteigee tolgoi holbon baij l ajil buteedeg, uneheer “crony capitalism”-iin todoos tod jishee ni Mongol boljee. Haa saigui ediin zasag taaruu baihad, Mongoliin oligarchuudiin nair naadam dundrahgui ulam halgij tsalgisaar l … Uunii tailbariig harin Ediin Zasgiin Uhaanaar Nobel avsan, Columbiin Ih Surguuliin professor Joseph Stiglitz “ Olon Ulsiin Valyutiin San”, “Delhiin Bank” bolon busad zasgiin gazraas “hugjig bui ornuud”-n ediin zasgiig demjih zorilgotoi ugsun tuslamjiin mungu margaash ni l gehed Swiss Bank-nii dansand ali hediin orchihson yavj baidagtai holbon tailbarlasan baidag. Tegvel Mongold odoogoor tulgarch baigaa uniin het hoorogdolt ( inflation), Amerik Dollariin tengert Tulsan hanshnaas hen hojij taarhav… Unuuh l heden turiin tolgoid baigaa uls turchid, bolon tednii nuluund ajlaa erheldeg corporate businessiinhen. Dollariin hansh nemegdej, Mongol tugrugnii hansh sulrah tusam Mongol Oron bolon Mongold amidrah gej yadaj baigaa dund davhargiinhan, tusviin ajilchid, huviaraa business erhlegchid geed Mongoliin hun amiin ihenh huvid ni hundeer tusaj baihad harin unuuh heden oligarchuud maani harin ch ulam bayarlan gadaadaas zuvchuulsan heden dollaraa Mongold uchnuun tugrug bolgochihood jinhene haan shig l duraaraa tsengej Mercedesee unaj Louis Vuitton-oo baritsgaana…

Wednesday, June 18, 2008

Thank you soo much Kevin Bales for leaving a comment on my blog~!!!

Friday, June 13, 2008

I apologize for always posting my same dull school papers. But i just find it much easier to keep it on my blog rather than saving it in a flash. This one is my final paper from last semester, still dunno what i got.Hope it will give you a little more information about human trafficking and slavery.

Human trafficking and modern day slavery

We say that slavery has vanished from European civilization, but this is not true. Slavery still exists, but now it applies only to women and its name is prostitution.
~Victor Hugo

Slavery has long been existent in our society. It can be traced back its root from the ancient Greek and Egyptian civilization, to the 15th century Spanish and Portuguese colonialism. In relatively modern times, the Nazi regime created labor camps that forced people to work to death. Same thing was existent in Russia during the 1930s to 1960s, with complex lagers (labor camps) consisting of thousands of laborers from Eastern Europe. Slavery in America also began soon after the English colonists first settled in Virginia.

Many people now believe that the Emancipation Proclamation abolished slavery along with the ratification of the 13th amendment. Still, we think that slavery was put to an end when most countries outlawed it in the 20th century. But as a matter of fact, there are more slaves in the contemporary world than it ever had in history. According to the census of the United Nations, there are over 4 million women being sold from one country to another, and there are over 10 million children in brothels around the world. These women and children are forced to become sex slaves without any escape. The victims of sex slavery are mostly women and children from the rural areas of third world country brought to the major cities across the border. This kind of human trafficking has been increasing significantly in recent years, and it has become the 3rd largest transnational crime in the world. Human trafficking is a highly organized crime with its links ranging from the legitimate corporations to terrorist activists. The study from UNICEF proves that a human trafficking is an international industry worth of 10 billion dollars.

Specifically, Southeast Asia is the heart of the human trafficking and sex tourism. Girls from the impoverished rural towns of Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Philippines are sold as low as $200, and some are promised a job offer in the cities but instead they would be locked up in brothels. In fact two third of those girls are sold, kidnapped, coerced by someone they know including relatives and family members. The pimps would tell the girls that they can buy their way out little by little until they are rich, or they would tell the girls that they send money to their family back home. A girl named Chantha from Cambodia who escaped from the brothel tells the reporters that she was offered to be a maid in a house, but instead kept in a brothel and forced to have sex with as many as 15 to 20 men a day.

There are many reasons why these inhumane evil still exist today. Under-education of women is a contributing factor to the forced prostitution. About 80% of women in Cambodia are illiterate and only 5% of the girls ever finish school and the rest only pass through 3rd grade. There is a very few availability of education in the rural areas, and the boys are chosen over girls for the opportunity to go to school. With such limited education and knowledge they are easily deceived. Poverty is another major factor that contributes to the sex slavery. Most of the people in these regions live on a daily basis of hand to mouth. Parents have difficulties providing food for their children, so some parents sell their children for strangers, and husbands sell their wives. Some girls sacrifice themselves in order to add a little more income to their families. Others are offered a job to do in cities to support their families, without knowing what they are getting into.

Young girls are sold into brothels as early as their 6 and 7 years. In the streets of Bangkok there would be 7 year olds dressed in miniskirts ready to be served in exchange of pocket money. Men are seeking for younger partners nowadays, because of the less possibility of getting infected from sexually transmitted diseases. The customers would not hesitate to pay higher price for HIV free virgins. But in the near 5 years or so, those little girls themselves get diseased with HIV or other diseases and left on the streets waiting for their death. Study shows that 70% of those who were child prostitutes are tested HIV positive. Once they are treated that way, it is almost impossible to go back to society and live a normal life. First, they are infected with diseases and second they carry the shame of their situation throughout their entire life. In other words, they become the untouchables of the society after such humiliation.

A British anthropologist Louis Brown spent several years in conducting intensive research on human trafficking in Asia. Along the way, based on his various works, he found out that majority of male customers of sex tourism are Asian men, and two third of all adult Thai men have visited brothels at least once. This shows us the human rights level in that area, and how the society tolerates such inhumane act.

There are laws against sex slavery in these areas, but often the girls are the ones who get arrested while the customers and the pimps remain behind the curtain. Some girls escape and run to police for help; but sex slavery is a highly organized crime that law enforcement agency workers are even involved in most of the cases. The street polices are rewarded with $700- 800 for hiding a case, and in fact they are the major customers of the brothels.

Despite the street polices there are diverse group of participants in the human trafficking business. Government officials, law enforcement agency workers, legitimate travel agencies, lawyers and even gamblers are involved in this business since it is an opportunity to make lots of money. In Indonesia, the brothel complexes’ annual income is estimated from $2 to $3 billion, which is around 1- 2.4% of its GDP. In Thailand, sex tourism produced $22-$27 billion dollars between 1993 to 1995, which was a 14% of the country’s total GDP.

Living conditions in the brothels are terrible, and usually two, three girls share a room that virtually consists of single mattress. One girl from Nepali who was trafficked in a brothel in India said that she was kept in a dark room with no window for 2 years along with two other girls. Often they were beaten and raped by unknown men and they were fed only once a day. And the girls would sometimes talk about how it would be to feel the sunshine again. (Brown p.226)

Speaking of India, India is the lead country that dominates the human trafficking victims. According to a sociology professor in Roehampton University Kevin Bales’ data, India only by itself contains estimated number of 20 million slaves. (Zhang, p.108) Here people are mostly trafficked from Nepal and Bangladesh; recently Nepali girls younger than 10 year old are becoming one of the main targets of sex business in India.

So, Nepal and Bangladesh girls are smuggled into India, Cambodia and Myanmar girls are sold into Thailand. Unfortunately, this human trafficking does not only take place in Southeast Asia. Girls from Eastern Europe are smuggled and sold into the rich metropolises of Europe such as London, Paris, and Berlin etc. In America, the US state department intelligence reported that there are between 45000 and 50000 women and children being trafficked each year. Majority of these girls are from Mexico, Colombia, and other Latin American countries.

If you see this pattern, you might have realized that human trafficking business which has its roots from excessive poverty starts from the rural areas of a country to the cities and from the cities to overseas. Most of the victims of human trafficking are citizens from post-communist countries. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union along with opening of China, the world has been experiencing the largest rate of human migration. The mighty Soviet Union collapsed in a matter of overnight and proved the absolute failure of communist utopia. The government has been creating artificial employments, and the communist regime could not handle it anymore. The factories no longer held 5 workers for a job that actually required one worker; no longer had they needed 5 people to milk one cow. Within a night millions of people found themselves a surplus; jobless and homeless.

China took an inauguration policy shifting all the resources to the central cities leaving the rural citizens behind, while Soviet Union did not know how to respond. The whole Eastern bloc was under a crises during the early 1990`s, with the same reason. The people of Lenin had no idea how to respond to a capitalist system and how to make a living, as they were so used to the ex-government control. In search of jobs and way of living, they migrate from their rural towns and to the cities, but intense competition for jobs in the city would not give them a chance. Many of them try to flee to a different country, hoping it would accept them in the society. Unfortunately, at each step of the migration, those people become more and more vulnerable. Meanwhile, others are organized into networks to take advantage of their vulnerability by exploiting the migrants for their filthy profiteering.

In the contemporary world, globalism not only ensured the free movements of trade and capitals. But at the same time, it increased the mobility of human smuggling and transnational crimes. With increased mobility and networking, the human trafficking is the fastest growing cross-border business, with its executives and advocates ranging from regular pimps to multi-millionaires, and political leaders. From a different perspective, globalization does not bring equal opportunities for people. The difference between a third world and first world countries are very transparent in a global capitalism, and rather than filling the gap between the two bipolar, administrators of political spectrums see the situation silently with tolerance.

Within an overnight, communism collapsed and Western capitalism swept the whole Asia-pacific. Not only it brought new ideology, it brought new value to the whole region. People were considered as rich by the acre of lands they owned, by the number of cattle they raised. But the western capitalism forced its own economic value too quickly, that many countries could not make the adjustment. They were offered the capitalist dreams, but now they are left on the markets. In this new century of “human rights” and “equality”, the people from a vulnerable society are being used as serving agents to the capitalist markets. In fact, the human trafficking business does not end, because the demand for it does not let it stop.

The exploitation and slavery are the central debates against globalization and human rights in a modern world. But as we struggle through this debate, there are new forms of human trafficking that are not yet recognized by law and have not been heard in mass public. After the breakdown from the Soviet Union in Mongolia, and following the collapse of communism in the early 1990’s, the first generation of street children was born in Mongolia. Due to economic crises, many parents abandoned their children and created the first generation of orphanages as well. Those kids live around the main public centers such as mall and restaurants begging for food and money, and in winter they live inside underground holes where the heating pipes go through. However, in the past few years it was vivid for the society that the visibility of those street children was far less that what is used to be.

Unfortunately, it is not because the economy is improving or the street children are being taken care of. Sadly, it has been suspected that those children were sold to Korea for body parts trading. Healthy organs can cost thousand of dollars in a developed country, and there were some serious suspects and probabilities of human trafficking business which they export the street children and sell their hearts, lungs etc for different purposes.

The other shape of human trafficking that is not well known among us is the link between human trafficking and terrorism. Obviously, terrorists do not rely on growing corns and rice to support its terrorist activities. They tap into already established illegal channels to acquire the needs and funds to continue their mission. In many parts of the world, especially in the Balkans and Southeast Asia, money made from human trafficking is used for arms sales and funding of terrorism.

In Eastern Europe, the destruction of social fabric caused by the war, massive migration flows, and the economic collapse of the early 1990’s all contributed together to create fertile ground for dealers of human being and arms sales. There is hardly anyone who has conducted a research on that very link between human trafficking and terrorism. Most of our knowledge on that matter comes from anecdotal stories in the newspaper, or reports. Dejan Anastasijevic is one of the few researchers who write on such topic. He is a free-lance Balkan correspondent for “Time” magazine, and according to him, vast quantities of weapons left over from the World War II are in the hands of dealers, to be exported and used for terrorist activities. Dejan writes that during the war Yugoslavia maintained 4th largest army in Europe, accompanied by the matching industrial complex. Nothing was thrown away destroyed after the war; instead they are stashed in secret warehouses for trade and future use. Albania, Serbia, Kosovo and some in Bosnia and Croatia are well loaded by the remaining army stockpiles as well.

These weapons are exported illegally through the use of already established illegal transnational channels such as human trafficking. These groups might have been engaged to help Saddam Hussein and according to Dejan, “The series of contracts, secretly closed between Saddam's and Milosevic's governments in late 1999, resulted in a flow of weapons and equipment to Baghdad, including armor-piercing missiles, rockets, anti-tank ammunition, tank engines, various explosives, chemical stabilizers, and grenade launchers, as well as missile fuel, MiG aircraft engines, spare parts and expert advice on how to configure air defenses against the US.” The human trafficking and illegal arms sales are deeply intertwined as both of them are embedded in the pervasive culture of corruption.

The people of these regions are sick and tired of being exploited by transnational criminals. While writing this paper, I came to a conclusion that the population explosion that flooded the post communist market and the revolution of economic globalization, accompanied with human violence and corruption are the major factor that created this vulnerable society of millions of people. The sweeping economic globalization forced the rural people for migration and dispossessed them to slavery and exploitation. Now, the new market economy is stretching its arms and taking advantage of this vulnerable society.

It is not the first time happening in the world, as a matter of fact the Industrial Revolution in Europe and America brought a similar social distinction to the population. Now, the newly developing countries are facing the same challenges and repeating the same pattern. While rapid economic growth brings luxury and new technology to some, others are being consumed and sucked into this system to be used as a cheap labor and to be taken advantage of. The only care we can show this social stratification, is to eliminate the extreme poverty. You have read that how people in these regions live on a daily basis of hand to mouth, and how they become vulnerable to trafficking and slavery when they are in desperate need of money. To make matters worse, population rate is high in the third world countries, and rural regions of the world as opposed to the developed countries. The population growth rate of France is 0.5, Germany -0.3, UK 0.27, US 0.88, Italy -0.02 compared to developing nations of Asia such as Cambodia 1.75, Bangladesh 2.02 ; Nepal 2.05 and Philippines 1.73. The surplus population of these vulnerable societies is in fact born outside the system of universal human rights. 1 out of 10 children in these poor regions will become prostitutes, as if they were destined to do that.

Sadly, the world is generating this human rights distinction by tolerating it with ignorance and silence. Amnesty International, Greenpeace and UN have millions of supporters worldwide, but their concentration on fighting against human trafficking is very little compared to their over-all mission. The only main groups working against human trafficking is Free the Slaves in America, and Anti-Slavery International in Britain. ( Bales, Kevin p.258) But together they have fewer than 15 thousand members world-wide. And the rest of their work is trapped by public ignorance.

In America, people are not aware of what is going on outside of the border. It is a common notion to think that the world evolves around them, and other issues are simply treated with ignorance and arrogance. It is written in the first article of universal declaration of human rights, that: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the universal Declaration of Human Rights, without distinction of any kind, such as race, creed, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.”

Still, the world itself generates the distinction between people based on their race and economic level. The reason why human trafficking does not get the public awareness as it is suppose to is because, the victims are all from a small countries. Not just human trafficking, terrorism has long been existent in our society, yet it only got mass media attention after 9/11 and America got involved in it. The human trafficking issue that involves millions of women and children in different parts of the world should be a world phenomenon that must be addressed. After all, we need to remember that “The tears of the red, yellow, black, brown and white man are all the same” and start caring for things that are going on across your border as well.